Nursery & Child Care

Glossary

Above Average

Higher or better than the usual amount or level.

Achieve

Successfully bring about or reach (a desired objective or result) by effort, skill, or courage.

Active Learning

Is an approach to instruction that involves actively engaging students with the course material through discussions, problem solving, case studies, role plays and other methods.

Activity

A thing that a person or group does or has done.

Advocate

A person who publicly supports or recommends a particular cause or policy.

Attention Skills

The ability to attend to a task for extended periods of time without losing focus or concentration.

Biased

Unfairly prejudiced for or against someone or something.

Brilliant

Exceptionally clever or talented.

Bureaucratic

Relating to a system of government in which most of the important decisions are taken by state officials rather than by elected representatives.

Childcare

The care of children, especially by a crèche, nursery, or childminder while parents are working.

Communication Language

Communication and language is one of the seven areas of the Early Year’s Foundation Stage and is used to assess children’s ability to speak, pay attention, listen and understand.

Comparative

Measured or judged by estimating the similarity or dissimilarity between one thing and another; relative.

Comprehensive

Including or dealing with all or nearly all elements or aspects of something.

Concept

A plan or intention.

Cooperative

Involving mutual assistance in working towards a common goal.

Curriculum

The subjects comprising a course of study in a nursery, school or college.

Educational

Relating to the provision of education.

Environment

The surroundings or conditions in which a person, animal, or plant lives or operates.

Establishment

A business organization, public institution, or household.

Expedite

Make (an action or process) happen sooner or be accomplished more quickly.

Expressive Art and Design

Expressive Art and Design is one of the seven areas of the Early Years Foundation Stage. It involves supporting children to explore and play with a wide range of media and materials, as well as providing opportunities and encouragement for sharing their thoughts, ideas, and feelings through a variety of activities in art, music, movement, dance, role-play, and design and technology.

Fine Motor Skills

Fine motor skills generally refer to the small movements of the hands, wrists, fingers, feet, toes, lips, and tongue.

Forest Play

Forest Play takes place in a woodland or natural environment to support the development of a relationship between the learner and the natural world.

Franchise

It is a business system in which an established company (known as a franchisor) licenses another party (known as a franchisee) to sell its products or services under its brand name.

Fundamental

A central or primary rule or principle on which something is based.

Good

Having the required qualities; of a high standard.

Group Confidence

Helps children to develop a positive sense of themselves and others while having confidence in their own abilities. During their early years, young children build their understanding of themselves as individuals. This increases their confidence to engage with the people, objects and experiences in the world around them.

Heuristic

Enabling a person to discover or learn something for themselves.

Impartial

To treat all rivals or disputants equally.

Learning

The acquisition of knowledge or skills through study, experience, or being taught.

Listening Skills

The ability to pay attention to and effectively interpret what other people are saying.

Literacy

Literacy is one of the seven areas of the Early Years Foundation Stage. Literacy in the early years includes talking about books, print in the environment, early mark making and writing, as well as sharing books and reading.

Mathematics

Mathematics is one of the seven areas of the Early Years Foundation Stage. It is used to develop a child’s confidence and ability with number but also to encourage their understanding of shapes, space and measures.

Mechanical

Done without thought or spontaneity; automatic.

Memory Development

Memory development not only takes you back to experiences that hold meaning, but it is a complex cognitive ability that is important in many aspects of thinking and learning, such as language and literacy, planning, following directions, problem solving, reflecting, imagining, and the overall ability to form a positive sense of self.

Mental Health

A person’s condition with regard to their psychological and emotional well-being.

Perfect Score

The number of points that someone can get for answering all the questions correctly on a test, exam, etc.

Personal Relationships

By building positive relationships with others, we will be happier and more fulfilled and feel more supported, supportive, and connected. … Positive and supportive relationships will help us to feel healthier, happier, and more satisfied with our lives.

Personal, Social and Emotional Development

Personal, Social and Emotional development Literacy is one of the seven areas of the Early Years Foundation Stage. Personal, social and emotional development (PSED) supports children to learn to get on with others and make friends, understand and talk about feelings, learn about ‘right’ and ‘wrong’, develop independence and ultimately feel good about themselves.

Physical Development

Physical development is one of the seven areas of the Early Years Foundation Stage. Moving and handling – skills enabling children to show good control and coordination in large and small movements. Children are able to handle equipment and tools effectively, including pencils for writing. Health and self-care – children knowing the importance of good health which includes physical exercise and a healthy diet. Children are able to manage their own basic hygiene and personal needs successfully, including dressing and going to the toilet independently.

Play

Engage in activity for enjoyment and recreation rather than a serious or practical purpose.

Preferences

A greater liking for one alternative over another or others.

Procedural

Relating to an established or official way of doing something.

Rating

A classification or ranking of someone or something based on a comparative assessment of their quality, standard, or performance.

Responds and Recalls

Enables children to keep play going by responding to what others are saying or … them understand that this may mean that they cannot do … feelings, e.g. help children to recall when they were.

Requirements

A thing that is compulsory; a necessary condition.

Room for Improvement

A possibility or hope that someone or something will improve.

Safeguarding

To protect from harm or damage with an appropriate measure.

Satisfactory

Fulfilling expectations or needs; acceptable, though not outstanding or perfect.

Special Needs

A particular educational requirements resulting from learning difficulties, physical disability, or emotional and behavioral difficulties.

System

A set of principles or procedures according to which something is done; an organized scheme or method.

Template

A present format for a document or file.

Transition

The process or a period of changing from one state or condition to another.

Understanding of the World

Understanding of the World is one of the seven areas of the Early Years Foundation Stage. Understanding of the World is about how children get to know about other people, the place where they live and about all aspects of the environment.

Yoga

A Hindu spiritual and ascetic discipline, a part of which, including breath control, simple meditation, and the adoption of specific bodily postures, is widely practised for health and relaxation.